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Kieven: Following the Cap-Figure in Majapahit Temple Reliefs

Kieven, Lydia:
Following the Cap-Figure in Majapahit Temple Reliefs : A New Look at the Religious Function of East Javanese Temples, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries / by Lydia Kieven. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill, 2013. - xviii, 397 S. : Ill. - (Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ; 280)
ISBN 978-90-6718-388-8 (Print-Ausg.)
ISBN 978-90-04-25865-5 (eBook)
EUR 109,00 / US$ 142,00
DDC: 726.78455095828; 294.550959828

Following male figures wearing a cap (cap-figures) in temple reliefs of the Javanese Majapahit period (ca. 1300-1500) leads to astonishing results on their meaning and function. The cap-figures, representing commoners, servants, warriors, noblemen, and most significantly Prince Panji, the hero from the East Javanese Panji stories, are unique to depictions of non-Indic narratives. The cap-figure constitutes a prominent example of Majapahit’s creativity in new concepts of art, literature and religion, independent from the Indian influence. More than that, the symbolic meaning of the cap-figures leads to an esoteric level: a pilgrim who followed the depictions of the cap-figures and of Panji in the temples would have been guided to the Tantric doctrine within Hindu-Buddhist religion. [Verlagsinformation]

Acknowledgements. ix
Technical Notes. xi
List of Figures, Tables, and Plates. xiii
1. Introduction. 1
2. Narrative Reliefs and Panji Stories. 19
3. Iconography of the Late East Javanese Temple Reliefs. 51
4. Temples in Context of Religion and Politics. 75
5. Table of Depictions or Cap-Figures in Majapahit Art in Chronological Order. 123
6. Candi Jago: the Cap, a New Fashion of Headgear. 143
7. Candi Panataran: Panji, Introducing The Pilgrim into the Tantric Doctrine. 161
8. Candi Surowono: Sidapaksa, a Nobleman with a Cap. 241
9. Candi Mirigambar: Panji, the Ideal Lover and Warrior. 271
10. Sanctuaries on Mount Penanggungan: Candi Kendalisodo, Candi Yudha, and the Panji Statue from Candi Selokelir - the Climax. 293
11. Conclusion: Panji and the Cap-Figure as Intermediary Characters on the Path to Tantric Rituals. 327
Appendix: Previous Research on the Single Case Studies. 339
Glossary: Javanese and Old Javanese Terms. 345
Bibliography. 349
Index. 387


LYDIA KIEVEN (*1956) was awarded the degree of PhD by the University of Sydney. She has been studying East Javanese temple reliefs for nearly twenty years. She is co-author, with Ann Kinney, of Worshiping Siwa and Buddha (2003). At present she teaches at the department of Southeast Asian Studies at the University of Frankfurt.

Quellen: Brill; WorldCat; Library of Congress; Google Books; Bookbutler
Bildquelle: Brill
Bibliographie: [1]


  1. Kieven, Lydia (2013).  Following the Cap-Figure in Majapahit Temple Reliefs: A New Look at the Religious Function of East Javanese Temples, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries. Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde; 280. xviii, 397 S.