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Bareau: Buddhist Schools of the Small Vehicle

Bareau, André:
The Buddhist Schools of the Small Vehicle / André Bareau. Transl. from the French by Sara Boin-Webb; ed. by Andrew Skilton. - London : Buddhist Society Trust ; Honolulu : University of Hawai'i Press, 2013. - ca. 464 S. : Ill.
Einheitssachtitel: Les Sectes bouddhiques du Petit Véhicule <engl.>
ISBN 978-0-8248-3566-8
US$ 65,00
DDC: 294.391
-- Angekündigt für Juli 2013 --

André Bareau (1921–1993) was one of the foremost scholars of Buddhism of his generation. Dissatisfied with piecemeal and contradictory information on early Buddhist schools, he set out to construct a coherent and authoritative overview, which has remained the standard treatment in the field since its appearance in 1955. This book offers a close description and analysis of Bareau’s findings on the history, geographical whereabouts, and doctrinal positions of early schools of Buddhism. He systematically presents data from a diverse array of sources: texts in canonical Buddhist languages (Pāli, Sanskrit, Tibetan, and Chinese), inscriptions, and accounts of Chinese pilgrims to India. The result is an encyclopedic resource on thirty-four schools of Indian Buddhism and the approximately five hundred doctrinal theses by which they are differentiated. Bareau’s genius was to conceive a plan to draw on an exhaustive range of primary sources preserved in all the major Buddhist languages and to conduct a comprehensive synthetic analysis, thus creating an authoritative picture. He provides several appendices, including summary tables of all doctrinal points discussed.
   Several additions have been made to this, the first English-language edition of the work to increase the effectiveness of the original volume: an index of names and places, a supplementary bibliography, and a short essay on Bareau’s career and work. Complex diagrams have been redrawn, and the lengthy subject index table in Appendix 1 has been separated into separate tables to make the material more useable.
   The Buddhist Schools of the Small Vehicle will be used by students and scholars as a primary resource and starting point for any discussion on the history and doctrines of early Buddhism and Buddhist schools. This seminal work is translated by Sara Boin-Webb, who across a career of four decades translated into English some of the most important French-language works of Buddhist scholarship. [University of Hawai'i Press]

Foreword to the English Edition. ix
André Bareau: His Legacy. xiii
Editor’s Note. xix
Preface. xxi
Abbreviations. xxiii
Introduction. xxv
   1. The Existence and Genealogy of the Hīnayāna Buddhist Schools. 3
   2. The Appearance of the Schools. 24
   3. The Expansion of Buddhism and the Geographical Distribution of the Schools. 30
   4. The Causes of the Division and Relations between the Schools. 39
   5. The Mahāsāṃghikas. 55
   6. The Lokottaravādins. 84
   7. The Ekavyāvahārikas. 88
   8. The Gokulikas or Kukkuṭikas. 90
   9. The Bahuśrutīyas. 92
   10. The Prajñaptivādins. 97
   11. The Caitīyas or Caitikas. 101
   12. The Andhakas. 104
   13. The Pūrvaśailas ur Uttaraśailas. 119
   14. The Aparaśailas. 127
   15. The Rājagirīyas. 130
   16. The Siddhārthikas. 134
   17. The Sthaviras. 136
   18. The Haimavatas. 138
   19. The Vātsīputrīyas. 143
   20. The Sammatīyas. 153
   21. The Dharmottarīyas. 162
   22. The Bhadrayānīyas. 164
   23. The Ṣaṇṇagarikas or Ṣaṇḍagiriyas. 166
   24. The Sarvāstivādin Vaibhāṣikas. 168
   25. The Mūlasarvāstivādins. 200
   26. The Sautrāntikas or Saṅkrāntivādins. 203
   27. The Dārṣṭāntikas. 210
   28. The Vaibhajyavādins. 219
   29. The Mahīśāsakas. 240
   30. The Dharmaguptakas. 254
   31. The Kāśyapīyas or Suvarṣakas. 270
   32. The Tāmraśātīyas. 274
   33. The Theravādins of the Mahāvihāra. 275
   34. The Abhayagirivāsins or Dhammarucikas. 327
   35. The Jetavanīyas or Sāgalikas. 331
   36. The Hetuvādins. 333
   37. The Uttarāpathakas. 336
   38. The Vetullakas. 346
   Conclusion. 349
Appendix 1: Classification of Controversies. 353
Appendix 2: Doctrinal Affinities. 409
Appendix 3: The Origins of the Mahāyāna. 419
Bibliography to the Original French Edition. 435
Supplementary Bibliography: Research on the Early Schools of Buddhism since 1955. 441
Index of Names, Places and Texts. 453

Born in Paris, ANDRÉ BAREAU (1921-1993) forged a career in the interpretation of Buddhist doctrine from textual sources that led him to become a professor at the Collège de France and a world authority on early Buddhism. He published several books, including several definitive volumes on the biography of the Buddha taken from the Sūtra and Vinaya collections of the Buddhist canon, and more than one hundred scholarly articles. Profile page.

ANDREW SKILTON is a scholar of the Buddhist history and literature of South, Southeast Asia. He studied Buddhism and Buddhist languages at the universities of Bristol and Oxford, where he did his Ph.D. on the Samādhirājasūtra, a major Mahāyāna scripture, examining its Chinese, Tibetan, Sanskrit, and Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit recensions. He was senior lecturer in Buddhist studies at Cardiff University and associate lecturer and research fellow at SOAS, London. He is now senior research fellow in Buddhist studies in the Theology and Religious Studies Department at King’s College, London, and also manages the Revealing Hidden Collections Project at the Bodleian Library, Oxford. His publications include A Concise History of Buddhism, The Bodhicaryāvatāra (with Kate Crosby), and How the Nāgas Were Pleased. Profile page.

Quellen: University of Hawai'i Press; WorldCat; Bookbutler; Library of Congress
Bildquelle: University of Hawai'i Press
Bibliographie: [1]