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The Vedic -ya-presents

Kulikov, Leonid:
The Vedic -ya-presents : Passives and intransitivity in Old Indo-Aryan / Leonid Kulikov. - Amsterdam/New York : Rodopi, 2012. - XXIX, 994 S. - (Leiden Studies in Indo-European ; 19)
ISBN 978-90-420-3522-5
EUR 210,00 / US$ 284,00
DDC: 491.29

This book is the first comprehensive study of the Vedic present formations with the suffix ya (‘ ya-presents’ for short), including both present passives with the accented suffix yá and non-passive -ya-presents with the accent on the root (class IV in the Indian tradition). It offers a complete survey of all ya-presents attested in the Vedic corpus. The main issue in the spotlight of this monograph is the relationship between form (accent placement, diathesis) and function (passive/non-passive) in the system of the -ya-presents – one of the most solidly attested present classes in Sanskrit. One of the aims of the present study is to corroborate the systematic correlation between accent placement and the passive/non-passive distinction: passives bear the accent on the suffix, while non-passives have the accent on the root. The book also focuses on the position of the passive within the system of voices and valency-changing categories in Old Indo-Aryan. [Verlagsinformation]

   Vedic -ya-formations: preliminaries
   Syntactic and semantic preliminaries
   Corpus of texts and evaluation of evidence
   The structure of the survey of -ya-presents
A Survey of Vedic -ya-presents
   Middle -ya-presents with suffix accentuation
   Middle -ya-presents with root accentuation
   Middle -ya-presents with fluctuating accentuation
   Unaccented middle -ya-presents
   Active -ya-presents
   Cyáti presents
A Systematic Analysis and Classification of -ya-presents
   Morphophonological classes of -ya-stems
   Semantics of -ya-presents
   Transitivity alternations and paradigmatic oppositions within the system of -ya-presents
   Remarks on paradigmatic properties of -ya-presents
   -ya-passives and other passive formations
   Diathesis fluctuations in -ya-presents
   Vedic -ya-presents in a diachronic perspective
   Post-Vedic -ya-presents: a selection
   Vedic quasi-denominatives and their passives
   -yá-passives and other formations attested in the passive usage: a synopsis
   Secondary literature
   Index verborum
   Index locorum
   Index rerum

Leonid Kulikov (PhD, Leiden University) is an Assistant Professor at Ghent University. He has published widely on synchronic and diachronic typology (in particular, on the diachronic typology of labile verbs and valency-changing categories), on the Vedic verb system and syntax, and on Vedic philology, and has edited numerous volumes in the fields of linguistic typology and Indology. He is an Associate Editor of the Journal of Historical Linguistics. His current research focuses on the grammar of early Vedic, a translation of the Atharvaveda, and the diachronic typology of transitivity and voice. Profile page.

Quellen: Rodopi; WorldCat; Amazon
Bibliographie: [1]


  1. Kulikov, Leonid (2012).  The Vedic -ya-presents: Passives and intransitivity in Old Indo-Aryan. Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 19. XXIX, 994 S.