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Siderits, Mark [Hrsg.] [u.a.]:
Apoha : Buddhist nominalism and human cognition / ed. by Mark Siderits, Tom Tillemans, and Arindam Chakrabarti. - New York : Columbia University Press, 2011. - viii, 333 S.
ISBN 978-0-231-15360-7 (Hardcover)
US$ 89,50 / £ 62,00
ISBN 978-0-231-15361-4 (Paperback)
US$ 29,50 / £ 20,50
DDC: 181.043
-- Angekündigt für September 2011 --

When we understand that something is a pot, is it because of one property that all pots share? This seems unlikely, but without this common essence, it is difficult to see how we could teach someone to use the word “pot” or to see something as a pot. The Buddhist apoha theory tries to resolve this dilemma, first, by rejecting properties such as “potness” and, then, by claiming that the element uniting all pots is their very difference from all non-pots. In other words, when we seek out a pot, we select an object that is not a non-pot, and we repeat this practice with all other items and expressions.
   Writing from the vantage points of history, philosophy, and cognitive science, the contributors to this volume clarify the nominalist apoha theory and explore the relationship between apoha and the scientific study of human cognition. They engage throughout in a lively debate over the theory’s legitimacy. Classical Indian philosophers challenged the apoha theory’s legitimacy, believing instead in the existence of enduring essences. Seeking to settle this controversy, essays explore whether apoha offers new and workable solutions to problems in the scientific study of human cognition. They show that the work of generations of Indian philosophers can add much toward the resolution of persistent conundrums in analytic philosophy and cognitive science. [Verlagsinformation]

Preface. vii
Arindam Chakrabarti and Mark Siderits:
Introduction. 1
1. Tom Tillemans:
How to talk about ineffable things : Dignāga and Dharmakīrti on apoha. 50
2. Ole Pind:
Dignāga's apoha theory : its presuppositions and main theoretical implications. 64
3. John D. Dunne:
Key features of Dharmakīrti's apoha theory. 84
4. Pascale Hugon:
Dharmakīrti's discussion of circularity. 109
5. Shōryū Katsura:
Apoha theory as an approach to understanding human cognition. 125
6. Masaaki Hattori:
The apoha theory as referred to in the Nyāyamañjarī. 134
7. Parimal G. Patil:
Constructing the content of awareness events. 149
8. Prabal Kumar Sen:
The apoha theory of meaning : a critical account. 170
9. Georges Dreyfus:
Apoha as a naturalized account of concept formation. 207
10. Jonardon Ganeri:
Apoha, feature-placing, and sensory content. 228
11. Amita Chatterjee:
Funes and categorization in an abstraction-free world. 247
12. Bob Hale:
Apoha semantics : some simpleminded questions and doubts. 258
13. Brendan S. Gillon:
Classical semantics and apoha semantics. 273
14. Mark Siderits:
Rughna by dusk. 283
Bibliography. 305
List of Contributors. 321
Index. 325


MARK SIDERITS is professor of philosophy at Seoul National University and the author of Indian Philosophy of Language, Personal Identity and Buddhist Philosophy, and Buddhism as Philosophy.
TOM TILLEMANS is professor of Buddhist studies at the University of Lausanne, Switzerland. His books include Scripture, Logic, Language: Essays on Dharmakirti and his Tibetan Successors. Profile page.
ARINDAM CHAKRABARTI is professor of philosophy at the University of Hawai‘i. He is the author of Denying Existence: The Logic, Epistemology, and Pragmatics of Negative Existentials and Fictional Discourse. Profile page.

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